In our first funding phase (2007-2010), the second phase of the CRC, we studied the changes in state border policies. For this research the US, Austria and Finland served as our cases. The main result: border control in these countries is more and more based on international cooperation in border regimes. We have described similar developments in three case studies and explained them by driving forces such as globalization, processes of supra-nationalization, security interests, migration pressures and the global diffusion of liberal human rights standards.
In the next phase, we will deal with the consequences of this new constellation of statehood.
Our focus will be on a) on the global distribution of mobility opportunities short and long-term stays offered to citizens in the OECD countries, independent of their country of origin (outcome), for the years of 1970 and 2010; and b) on the reaction of collective actors and citizens to the changes and controls, which will be investigated through the countries of our recent case studies; namely (USA, Austria and Finland).
Our research interest focuses on two questions: Has internationalization of the border regime led to a standardisation of the conditions for entry into the OECD countries, so that a unified OECD mobility regime is emerging and what is the cause for this development? And secondly, we want to find out whether collective actors and citizens perceive the provision of public goods such as security, welfare and rule of law differently due to the internationalization of the border regime (De-politicization versus increasing politicization?)? Further we ask, if their reactions contribute to the stabilization of the new border regimes?
Final report 2015 in German
Project application 2011-2014 in German
Project application 2007-2010 in German